Family Cosmetic & Implant Dentistry of Brooklyn

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Author: AlexanderKhabensky

The Negative Effects of Oral Piercing

Body piercing has become more and more popular among young people. However, before you pierce your lip or tongue, you need to think about the effect it can have on oral health.

Types of oral piercings

You may be surprised by the number of places people can choose to make a puncture and hang an earring. These are the most popular types of oral piercings:

- Dorsoventral tongue piercing. This is the most common type of piercing. The puncture is done through the upper to the lower part of the tongue.

- Dorsolateral tongue piercing. The puncture is done through the width of the tongue.

- Lip piercing. Earrings can be fit anywhere on the lip but the middle and the corners of the lower lip are the most popular locations.

- Cheeks piercing. Also known as “dimples” - punctures are made in the middle of cheeks. It is usually done symmetrically on both sides.

- Frenulum piercing. Earrings are hung on the frenulum or small folds of the mucous membrane which passes under the tongue and on the upper or lower lip.

- Piercing uvula. It is the least popular place. The uvula is a flap of connective tissue that is located in the back of the throat.

Consequences of Oral Piercing

Any type of piercing - tongue, lips, cheeks or other places - is a foreign piece of metal that is always in the mouth. This metal can cause a variety of health problems, from insignificant to very serious:

Bad breath

Piercing is a new place for the accumulation of plaque. It is extremely difficult to clean the ring or pin well in the mouth. So the microbes will accumulate more and more. If you do not clean your oral piercing regularly, it will cause an unpleasant smell over time.


Puncture in the mouth increases the production of saliva. Saliva really helps fight caries, but it can be too much, which can be unaesthetic.

Infection, pain, and swelling

Even if you do the piercing in a sterile environment, you can get an infection after the procedure. The mouth is a humid environment where many kinds of bacteria multiply and make it an ideal place for infection. It is necessary to consult a doctor if there is any irritation in the piercing area.

Dangers in terms of dentistry


Because the jewelry in the mouth is made of metal, it can interfere with X-rays. It is necessary to notify the dentist in advance about the presence of piercing.

Chipped teeth.

Most people who have piercings in their mouth are tempted to bite or play with jewelry. A hard piece of metal in your mouth makes your teeth more susceptible to scratches.

Damage to dental work.

Metal piercing can also damage expensive dental work. Piercing can break fillings, damage dental implants, braces, crowns or bridges.

Worn teeth.

Many piercing owners get the habit of rubbing jewelry on their teeth. This contributes to the erasure of enamel and increases the risk of tooth decay or tooth sensitivity.

Curved teeth

This symptom is not common but a tongue piercing can increase the space between the front teeth. This is called a diastema.


If you let gum damage develop uncontrollably, it can turn into periodontitis. Periodontitis occurs when the inner layer of the gums and bone is removed from the teeth. The resulting pockets can lead to the weakening of the teeth or tooth loss.

Damage to the nerves.

Sometimes the piercing can cause numbness. Insensitivity can be temporary but in some cases, it can become permanent. Numbness of the tongue can affect the sense of taste and ability to speak correctly. In order to avoid nerve damage, you need to choose a competent and reputable piercing salon.

What to do if you have piercings

Happy owners of piercing or those who just decide to do it - you have to remember that you need to pay more attention to the health of your oral cavity. It may be necessary to visit the dentist more often to make sure that irreversible damage does not occur in the oral cavity. Special attention should be paid to oral hygiene. You should contact your dentist immediately if there are any signs of infection.


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