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Yeast infection (vaginal candidiasis, vulvovaginal candidiasis) is an inflammatory lesion of the genital mucosa. This disease is caused by conditionally pathogenic fungi of the genus Candida. Which is widely spread in the environment and is found in the soil, vegetables, fruits, and household items. These fungi also inhabit the skin and mucous membranes. They are periodically activated by the influence of various factors.
In women, a yeast infection can develop in the region of the labia minora and labia, clitoris, vagina and even the vaginal part of the cervix. Yeast-like fungi penetrate deep into the tissue and cause inflammation, which often leads to significant discomfort that interferes with the usual way of life. Candidiasis affects girls and women of all ages. Yeast infection is also found in children and men.
The main forms of candidiasis
The acute form of the disease is characterized by the most vivid manifestations and rapid development. In the chronic form, the yeast infection is sluggish and prolonged, with periodic outbreaks of the disease. Even when the symptoms and manifestations of the disease are absent, an infected person can infect others. The development of yeast infection can be provoked by sexual intercourse with a partner who has Candida fungi.
The dangers of yeast infection
Despite the frivolous attitude to yeast infection, which is observed by many women, this disease is much more serious than it seems at first glance. The chronic form of candidiasis can lead to diseases such as cervicitis, urethritis, and cystitis. Lack of proper treatment of yeast infection with its combination with sexually transmitted diseases can also cause infertility.
There are cases when Candida fungi penetrate the bloodstream and cause candida sepsis, which is life-threatening. Therefore, do not self-medicate yeast infection!
Don’t conduct any experiments in the treatment of yeast infection. Instead of experiencing the effectiveness of traditional medicine recipes - go to a gynecologist or urologist. If you don’t visit the doctor - candidiasis will not go away, and in addition, you can receive mucosal burns and other complications.
Causes of candidiasis
The main reason for the development of yeast infection and the appearance of unpleasant symptoms is a violation of the healthy microflora of the genital organs. As soon as the number of beneficial bacteria decreases, an intensive reproduction of Candida fungi immediately begins. The intake of certain drugs, including antibiotics without the further intake of probiotics leads to the imbalance of "beneficial" and "harmful" microorganisms.
If you suffer from chronic bronchitis, chronic pyelonephritis, tonsillitis, diabetes, liver, ovarian diseases, obesity - you are at risk for candidiasis. A yeast infection often occurs in those who do not observe personal hygiene, wears synthetic underwear and rarely changes pads or tampons during menstruation. It is also expanding in people, who are fond of using an antibacterial gel, which "washes out" the useful flora and provokes the development of candidiasis.
The development of yeast infection is also influenced by nutrition. Strict diets and anorexia can lead to the fact that the yeast infection becomes chronic and it will not be easy to get rid of it. Candidiasis “loves” sugar very much so if you have a sweet tooth, the risk of activating yeast-like fungi in the body is also increased.
Symptoms of candidiasis
The first and most obvious symptom which indicates that candida fungi are raging in the body is the appearance of milky-white discharge of a cheesy consistency. Also among the symptoms of candidiasis:
- itching and burning in the genital area, which usually increases after showering and at night;
- hyperemia, puffiness;
- unpleasant sour smell;
- discomfort during and after intercourse.
During menstruation, the symptoms of a yeast infection subside but then intensify with a new force. Candidiasis is often combined with STDs such as chlamydia, trichomoniasis, genital herpes, and others.
Remember, health is not everything, but everything is nothing without health. Take care of your healthy future!
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